Architecture has seen a lot of advancement over the years. Plans were manually drafted on large boards. Spaces were visualized through sketches and drawings. Working details were also drafted to produce large-scale magnificent buildings, we see in history today.
The History in Advancement of Technology in Architecture
In the 80s, with the slow advancement in technology came computer aided design (CAD). This eased the process of creating complicated technical drawings. Not long after, programs like Adobe Creative Cloud emerged, where hand drawn sketches once drawn on paper were now digitalized. Architecture presentations started to become more clearer, not only to Architects, but to clients as well. After this, 3D rendering software’s started to arise, such as 3DS Max, V-Ray, Lumion. These started creating more realistic visualization of spaces, elevations, sections, and plans. Then comes Building Information Modeling Technology (BIM) which has extended reality to envision a pace in real-time. The combination of all these tools have drastically changed the way architects and designers work today. We are constantly moving towards new change as technology continues to advance. We are now looking towards Extended Reality (XR), which included Virtual Reality (VR), Augmented Reality (AR) and Marged Reality (MR).
3D Visualization in Architecture
3D visualization has no doubt improved the way architects communicate. It has made creating projects and designs faster, more efficient, with a better visualization and outlook of design. Using advanced CGI tools has accelerated each stage of design and construction for architectural projects. With more advancement in software’s and technology, Architects are able to make changes to plans and elevations before the construction process. This results in saving time and money. Material selection process, internal planning and interior design has become more faster and efficient, where the Architect and client have a better communication of the final goal. Clients get to see and choose designs they incline towards with just meeting the Architect. With the help of these software’s, Architects can show multiple options and mood boards. This has made the planning, design and construction process much smoother, with a clearer communication and collaboration between all the involved parties.
To create graphics and renderings at such a fast pace has allowed more design innovations in the field of Architecture. It aids in the creative process, helping in building bigger, better and more innovative design solutions. Now, these 3D models and renders are moving towards a more interactive platform, where one can realize scale, dimensions and proportions. It allows for acoustic simulation, ventilation, lighting, photorealistic 3d images of structures, to allow the client to immerse themselves completely in design. This saves money, resonates with more clients, prevents mistakes beforehand, and also builds an Architecture portfolio for future clients.
VR for Architecture Visualization
Virtual Reality is a multisensory, immersive experience of an artificially simulated 360 degree view reality presented through a headset. This technology allows us to create digital environments as well as buildings, allowing for a better comprehension of the project. Through VR, architects and all other parties involved can work on one project simultaneously.
This tool can give clients a virtual digital tour of the design within its digital environment. The future will be to design complete entire cities in these environments in which we can be immersed!
AR for Architecture Visualization
With the increase in construction and competition around the world, its all about impressing clients and future customers. Now, buildings have become completely about impressing the customer, and therefore customer experience starts to play an essential role, where and immersive experience is paramount.
Augmented Reality (AR) allows clients to experience any digital presentation in a real world environment. They can experience the built environment and design using AR headsets, smart glasses and portable devices that are compatible with AR apps.
The client gets a better visualization of what their future building will look like. They get to fully experience the exterior and interior, along with the surrounding environment, bringing in external environmental factors towards design. This leaves the client feeling satisfied, happy, with much faster approvals.
BIM as a combined approach
BIM is more of the latest trend Architects are trying to get their hands on when it comes to construction. Mixed Reality BIM is one of the future aspects of visualization, with the inclusion of both AR and VR.
With MR BIM, Architects can make any changes in the real environment while the project is still in its designing phase with MR BIM. It includes holographic and immersive devices that are available in the market, such as the HoloLens and Windows MR headsets.
MR BIM apps can guide builders during the construction phase as well, where a seamless design process begins with Architects and Constructors. Architects can upload renderings, CAD files, and holographic plans so that constructors can provide CHI visuals according to these requirements. When pointing an MR device to any construction element, the BIM app will provide the exact guidelines that are needed to execute the material according to the project.
Prototyping and Construction
These future technologies not only fasten the process for Architects in design, but also the rate of construction of the buildings structure. Rapid prototyping will speed up the construction process through 3D printing. 3D printing is fast, effective, and one of the best ways to test construction equipment, gears, tools and products, and has already started to change the way we build structures.
The future of 3d Visualization will therefore lead to better prototyping and rapid construction. It will allow professionals to prototype any type of construction, which leads to assembling buildings rather than constructing them, making them faster to build.
With more advancement and growth in technology, the more growth of the architectural industry. VR is probably the field that will see the biggest advancements. VR animation, simulation and holograms will replace 3D vidualisations.
Now, instead of building first to show and realize designs, advanced technology allows one to develop 3D representations of building that have yet to be built, and be experienced beforehand.
The future will provide real life experiences for each new project. It will take time for VR to completely take over, and for now Architects rely on renderings and architectural visualization to keep their clients satisfied.
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The future has really incredible things in store, with the world advancing so rapidly, even we are excited to see what the next step is. The future of Architecture will truly be an interesting one, opening up fields in Architecture towards technology.